There are three parts: the brackets which attach to the tooth, the elastic band which attaches the bracket to the tooth, and the arch wires which run from bracket to bracket connecting them.
Braces exert a constant pressure on your teeth, forcing them to conform to a favourable position. Depending on the materials used and how the braces are adhered and adjusted, the pressure can be accurately directed to move the teeth to the desired position.
As teeth move, new bone cells take the place of the old ones, securing a new placement within the jaw. Braces will have to be adjusted every few months in order for teeth to conform. In some instances, springs, mini-implants or rubber bands will be added to the device to exert further force in certain regions. You may also be required to wear headgear to keep certain teeth from moving.
The time it takes for the entire treatment to progress depends on individual circumstance. Your orthodontic specialist will need to consider the biological response time of your teeth, as well as the response to the pressure being exerted. It is the orthodontist or dental specialist who will constantly monitor the progress of your braces and determine the length and extent of treatment.
It’s important to note that oral hygiene has great bearing on the overall treatment results. Teeth do not respond well if there is an infection or budding tooth decay. Maintaining the best oral hygiene you can when you have braces ensures a more favourable outcome.
Braces ensure results—the correction of crooked teeth, wide gaps and overlapping teeth. It is clinically proven to help alleviate malocclusion (bad bites) as well as preventing further shifting. However, for the treatment to work effectively, you have to do your part in the treatment process as well.